The ADR is a European agreement on the road transport of dangerous loads. It was signed for various European countries in Geneva on 30th of September 1957 to regulate the road transport of the loads that may present some danger to the environment and other ROAD USERS.
The acronym ADR, results from the English name of the agreement European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, as well as its French version Accord Européen Relatif au Transport des Marchandises Dangereuses par Route.
Dangerous loads are defined as the ones that in case of an accident during the transportation process may present danger to the population, goods and natural environment and therefore they transport is regulated by some special requirements.
¿IN WHICH COUNTRIES ARE THE ADR REGULATIONS VALID?
The ADR agreement was advised to introduce by the UN and is valid in Spain from 19th of October 1972 Apart from the majority of the European countries was accepted also in many Asian and North African countries.
¿WHAT ARE THE REGULATIONS CURRENTLY IN USE IN SPAIN?
The last version of the Royal Decree became valid on 14th of March 2013. It is supposed to be updated biannually on uneven years.
The decree includes a detailed list of symbols which refer to the majority of substances that are believed to be dangerous (coded accordingly to the UN approved coding) and the requirements they should be accompanied with.
The regulations affects the parties directly engaged in the transport as well as the manufacturers of the materials related to the transport, the packaging and manipulation of the dangerous loads.
¿WHAT DOES THE ADR REGULATES?
The materials that are considered to be dangerous.
- The types of packaging that have to be used.
- The marking and designation of the load and the vehicle.
- The documentation required to execute a service.
- Types of vehicles, special equipment and certificates.
- Regulations referring to the cisterns construction.
- Loading, placing and unloading of the loads.
- The obligations and responsibilities of anybody engaged in the transportation process to avoid damages to people, goods and natural environment.
¿WHAT ABOUT OTHERS MEANS OF TRANSPORT?
There are also similar agreements regulating the transport of the dangerous goods by railroad (RID), see (IMDG) and air (OACI).